Why did the United States and its allies choose reconciliation with Taliban the key solution of ending war in Afghanistan?


The Taliban, as a non-governmental actor basically has been known as a threat element to
national security and national interests of Afghanistan. This group emerged since 1996 by
committing crimes against human rights, oppression, war crimes and the execution of conflicting
Islamic laws thus, not only caused drawing of the global negative image from Islam, but it has
caused the world's nations hatred from Islam.
This terrorist group has grown up in the Pakistan geography, since the training of the so-called
Taliban elements in Pakistani schools and the destruction of the key element figure of al-Qaeda's
Osama bin Laden network in the territory of that country proves this claim. The Taliban
dominated Afghanistan until 2001, and with the onset of 9/11 September, the United States and
its international allies entered the country to defeat Al-Qaeda and its other affiliated networks,
such as the Taliban.
The United States has military presence in Afghanistan for eighteen years, but the current
security and political situation in Afghanistan has deteriorated compared to 18 years back. The
United States has failed to fight the Taliban and provide security in Afghanistan and has failed to
meet the security and stability needs of Afghanistan. Peace-building in Afghanistan is unlikely
that talks with the Taliban will have positive results and this peace of convenience will be
established, because tranquility, security and peace in Afghanistan will eliminate the American
philosophy of existence in this country.
The justification of President Bush approach to US military presence in Afghanistan was
dependent on the US national interests and security threat by insurgents; however, US seasonal
politics shows that the United States is seeking to implement its ultimate goal of implementing
its long-range strategy, because for realizing the long-range strategy it should have first reached
to her some purposes.
The US permanent base in Afghanistan was originally proposed by US Senator Lindsey Graham
for the first time on 2nd June 2011, when he talked to the US-based N.B.C TV channel, he had

described this proceed effective for both countries and said, “the creation of several bases in
Afghanistan could insure the Afghan army against the Taliban it could also be a message to
Pakistan that the Taliban would no longer be able to return to Afghanistan which would change
Pakistan's behavior.”. And Such statements were rejected by the Afghan government and
subsequently by the United States Interim Ambassador in Afghanistan.
The experience of the past 18 years has shown that the United States has not only failed to claim
the fight against terrorism and the deterrence of insecurity in Afghanistan, which has contributed
actively to the creation of insecurity and new crises for this country. There was relative security
in the northern provinces of the country during President Karzai's period and was considered one
of the safest areas, from about the past ten years, and precisely since the US government decided
to activate its military bases in the north of the country a wave of insecurity has flooded into the
area and now the northern provinces of Afghanistan are also among the semi-tranquil regions.
As stated above, the United States seeks to achieve its long-range strategy and can be evaluated
within the framework of this strategy:
1. The control and use of the vast natural resources and wealth of Afghanistan: A
country that is sleeping on a treasure of wealth; Afghanistan's underlying wealth is
estimated by the Americans to be worth billions of dollars; to curb Iran and confront it in
a formulated pattern shapes another goal of the United States. Therefore, the long-term
military presence of the United States on the political and security scene of Afghanistan
is considered one of the main goals.
2. The effort to control the energy resources of the region: What is certain is that US
strategic goals are tied to energy. Hence, the country emphasizes its military, economic
and political presence beyond the Caucasus and Central Asia, but the existence of power
such as Iran in the most strategic region of the world, the Middle East, is a major problem
for the establishment of the hegemonic order of the United States in the region and
around it.
3. Curbing India and China as two emerging power on the global scene: In terms of
strategic location, Afghanistan is in close proximity to the four countries of China, India,
Iran and Russia. Therefore, it has significant geopolitical and military location to White
House strategists and from the perspective of decision-making centers in the United
States, China and India can potentially be a serious threat to America's interests in the
The question is why did the United States and its allies choose reconciliation with Taliban
the Key solution of ending war in Afghanistan?
The Taliban as a terrorist group has been included in UN list and the black list of United States
and committed malicious activities, war crimes, anti-human rights and humanitarian law crimes
that have been subjected to inhuman treatment and seriously condemned by the United Nations
and international actors. Since over the past few years, the Afghan government has taken
peaceful measures to implement a US-designed and architected strategy of reconciliation with
the Taliban, undoubtedly supported by the United States and its allies; it is mentionable that US

found the solution for its incomplete war in Afghanistan possible through compromise with
Taliban so, what is the position of the United Nations, the Commission of Human Rights and
Amnesty International organization in this regard?
Will not the soundless of these entities to the realization of this process question the existential
nature of these organizations? Or in other words, it proves the lobbying and influence of the US
government and its allies over these organizations.
If the reconciliation is accomplished with the Taliban, the group that has been condemned for
killing and anti-human crimes for many years in Afghanistan and whether the United States and
the Government of Afghanistan have the right of general amnesty of these criminal’s anti-
humanity? And will not the spirit of general rule of law, equity and equality be questioned?
Unfortunately, the government of Afghanistan and the United States consider themselves above
the law; they do not consider international laws and Afghan laws. It should not be forgotten that,
according to President Ghani, in an interview during the NATO summit in Brussels, the
reconciliation with the Taliban was not an individual decision; it was a product of consultation
from more than two thousand religious scholars; while there are two types of rights in Islam, the
right of God (Haqullah) and the right of slave (Huqulabed) and in the murder crime the bestow
of God's right (Haqullah) is depended on God on Judgement day, and if God's right is interpreted
in public law, the government can take decisions on the end of the war in order to secure public
interests, but the right to grant (Huqulabed) slave right or in order words individual right is
subject to the consent of the victim's family, and no one, the government, religious scholars
(Ulema) and any treaty has the right to grant it, because it opposes the Islamic tenet . So, whether
the including of such violators and perpetrators through the reconciliation process in the Afghan
system will not be means to forgive the rights of slave (Hagulabed). Has the Islamic Republic of
Afghanistan's government consulted with every single households of the victim families and has
gained their consent to forgive the blood of the murdered before compromising with the Taliban?
Peace is the ultimate goal of every Afghan, I am also bored of war and I hope that my dear
readers will not misunderstand me in questioning the compromise of the Afghan government,
and the purpose of the abovementioned objection is a brief mention of the influence and
objectives of the United States and its allies in compromising with the Taliban, especially on
issues of their own interest, they are even ready to ignore democratic and human rights and values and
want to implement their plans.
The United States has proven within a timetable that could withdraw its troops from Afghanistan
without hardship and to somehow make this war Afghani, and according to the BBC published
News, in 2014, the number of US troops from 130,000 reduced to 13500 troops. Americans left
Afghanistan from one hand, they transferred the management of the fight responsibility for the
Afghans, because they wanted to reduce the cost of the war and reduce their soldiers' casualties,
and from the other hand, the withdrawal of a large number of US military forces from
Afghanistan during the year 2014 proves that their midterm strategy has been implemented in
Afghanistan, because the establishment of secure bases in this country is not only to monitor her
long- standing rival Russia, but other Asian international politics actors such as China, India and
Iran, which form the main part of this strategy.

Meanwhile, if there is a continuation of the war and instability, these are Afghans who must pay
the price; in other words, what is hidden in the nature of this program deal and is currently covert
from eyes is the transfer of parts of Afghanistan to the Taliban and there is some sort of danger
of breaking up the country.
Sayed Saboor Zafar
Master Student of International Relation
Istanbul Aydin University


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