Saturday, April 20, 2024

Somalia’s Puntland region voices opposition to provisional constitution revisions

Monday 2, April 2024 {HMC}  Somalia’s semi-autonomous region of Puntland is criticizing changes made by the federal parliament to the country’s provisional constitution and announced it is withdrawing recognition for federal government institutions.

In a statement by the region’s council of ministers issued Sunday from the capital, Garowe — Puntland alleges the constitution, that had been enacted in 2012, was amended without the input of all Somalis, including those in the region.

The changes were approved Saturday during a joint session of the bicameral federal parliament in Mogadishu and followed weeks of debate.

Regional officials said as a result, “Puntland will have the power of a full, independent government until there is a federal system of government agreed upon, a constitution agreed by Somalis, and approved through a referendum in which Puntland is part of.”

Essentially, Puntland is refusing to recognize the authority of the Somali federal government until the dispute — over the changes to the constitution — is resolved.

Puntland is the oldest federal member state with 48 lawmakers in the country’s two houses of parliament, as well as ministers and representation in all federal institutions.

It is not clear if Puntland will recall the lawmakers, ministers and civil servants from the region who are working as part of the federal institution.

The dispute centers on changes to the first four chapters and expected amendments to the entire 15-chapter provisional constitution. The main changes so far deal with the powers of the president, the number of national political parties, and federal and state-level elections.


#Somalia: Key amendments in the first four chapters of the constitution apply to the following articles: – Freedom of expression (Article 17) – Women’s representation (Article 47) – Leadership system (Article 49) – Number of political parties (Article 54) – Composition of Electoral and Boundaries Commission (Article 57) Details: Article 17 (1) of the approved version says everyone has the right to freedom of expression and to impart that in speech, print, media, art or any other format unless it’s in conflict with the Islamic sharia.
(The final version deletes the phrase “unless it’s in conflict with the laws of the federal republic of Somalia) Article 47 (7) of the approved version says the constitution “ensures the participation of women in the legislative councils and political parties, and the quota for women will be stated in special rules adopted by the federal parliament of Somalia.” [The women parliamentarians wanted this article to say, “women should be participating in all three levels of government with a 30 percent representation.” That didn’t happen] Article 49 (1) of the approved version says that citizens will directly elect the President.
The president will appoint and be able to fire a Prime Minister.
[Under the previous version, the president would only appoint but could not fire the PM (the parliament had the authority to fire the PM. Last year, the President and the leaders of the federal states (except Puntland) proposed a presidential system with a president and VP directly elected. That is now rejected] Article 54 (2) of the approved version says that there will be three national political parties.
[It rejects proposal from the president and federal member states (except Puntland) which limited national political parties to two] Article 57 (1) of the approved version says the composition of the Electoral & Boundaries Commission will be 18.
[It rejects proposal from the president and regional member states (except Puntland) which put the number of the Commission at 15]

{DAAWO MUQAALKA} Shirka Daadajinta Amniga Caasimadda oo lagu qabtay Muqdisho.

Sabti-20-April-2024 {HMC} Guddoomiye ku xigeenka Amniga iyo Siyaasadda G/Banaadir oo faah-faahin ka bixiyey Shirka Daadajinta Amniga Caasimadda oo Muqdisho lagu qabtay. HOOS KA DAAWO MUQAALKA...

{DAAWO MUUQAALKA} Masuuliyiin xal u helidda Dagaaladii ka dhacay Diinsoor kala hadlay odayaasha Magaaladaas.

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